Induction of heat shock proteins and its effects on glial differentiation in rat C6 glioblastoma cells
The Kobe journal of medical sciences
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are immediately expressed in neuronal and glial cells under various stressful conditions and play a protective role through molecular chaperones. We investigated the characteristics of the induction manner of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and HSP70 in rat C6 glioblastoma cells. In heat treatment (42 degrees C for 30 min), C6 cells expressed high level of HO-1 and HSP70 mRNAs within 30-60 min, and their proteins at 3 hrs. Heat-induced expressions of HSPs mRNAs were
... RNAs were completely inhibited with actinomycin D, suggesting the transcriptional regulation. Oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD), cystine-free (inhibition of synthesis of glutathione), cyto-toxic (ethanol, sodium butyrate) treatments resulted in different expression manners between HO-1 and HSP70, which suggested that HO-1 and HSP70 play different protective roles against a variety kind of stressful conditions in glial cells. C6 cells can differentiate toward both astrocyte and oligodendrocyte directions. Treatment with dibutyryl cyclic AMP (cAMP) induces expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), a marker of astrocytes, and treatment with retinoic acid (RA) induces expression of myelin proteolipid protein (PLP), a marker of oligodendrocytes, respectively. Heat treatment before the initiation of differentiation by RA reduced the RA-induced expression of PLP mRNA profoundly, but not in GFAP mRNA level induced by cAMP. Heat treatment after the initiation of differentiation by cAMP or RA accelerated the expression of GFAP or PLP mRNAs. Astroglial differentiation by cAMP reduced the heat-induced expressions of HSPs mRNAs, but no change with RA pre-treatment. These results suggested that HSPs may modulate the glial differentiation in the developing brain. On the contrary, glial differentiation may give influence on the stress-induced HSPs expression. The timing of stressful damages, resulting in the expression of HSPs, on the developing brain is critically important for the pathogenesis of glial lesion. In the heat-treated C6 cells, the expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor-alpha mRNA was significantly decreased. HSPs may have ability to induce the glial differentiation in part through down-regulation of the PDGF pathway.