"Particularities Of The Population, Occupation And Structure Of Unemployment In Romania And Its Western Region "
Annales Universitatis Apulensis Series Oeconomica
Amid a slow process, but continually aging and a trend of increased migration is a decrease in the active population and employment. Productive structure has undergone several changes in recent years, with a mild increase in service sector, what has changed the occupational structure. The phenomenon of marginalization and poverty has increased especially among groups at risk. Low rates of participation in education and training, at all levels of age, especially in rural areas, generating a low
... , generating a low skilled labor in Romania. Developing regions is not uniform, so that the western region it is noted by a better employment and unemployment default, benefiting from a labor force more flexible, adapt quickly to market requirements, with a high entrepreneurial spirit, against the backdrop of economic growth recorded in the previous years. The participation of the population to the labor force Unemployment does not equally affect the different categories of population, nor do the different areas and regions of the country. These aspects will be presented in table 1. Thus, if we refer to the participation of the population to the labor force, based on gender and areas, between 1996 and 2006 we can notice: • The active population has been continually decreasing, starting with 2002. The decrease of active population was of almost 15% in 2005 compared to 1996 in 1996. The percentage of male population is 50.5 in 1996 and 55.1 in 2005, thus increasing from 49.9% in 1997. The urban active population is at an advantage, between 51% and 54%, in 2002 and 2003 it recorded a percentage of 51.14 and 51.95, but a percentage above 54% throughout the rest of the period. • The occupied population represents 91 -93% from the active population in the analyzed period, the oscillations being not linear and not in the same direction. The male occupied population was more than 54% in 2002 compared to almost 50% before 2000 when the occupied population represented more than half of the active population. The urban occupied population decreased from 54.6% in 1996 to 53.4% in 2005, whereas the rural one increased. • The BIM unemployed, whose number is calculated as the difference between the active and the occupied population, numbers more than 700,000 people, with the exception of 2002 when there were 845, 000 unemployed people. The male unemployed population was 68.6% in 1996 and 59.6% in 2005, recording a decreasing trend, but superior to the percentage of female population. The number of the unemployed from the urban areas increased from 50% in 1996 to 67% in 2005, whereas the unemployed from the rural areas decreased at the same rate.