1905 The Lancet  
It is further shown that the usual method of cooking cockles by pouring boiling water over a mass of them does not destroy the dangerous microbes but that by steaming under pressure for from three to five minutes the infective germs are destroyed without injuring the proper aspect and condition of the fish. The mussel, like the oyster, can destroy the typhoid organism. The relations of the oyster to bacilli coli are similar to those existing between the oyster and bacillus typhosus. Dr. Klein
more » ... phosus. Dr. Klein towards the end of the pamphlet combats the idea (countenanced by the bacteriologist to the Sewage Commission and by Mr. A. G. R. Foulerton) that oysters derived from "clean" " layings and sea water taken many miles away from shore contain large numbers of the bacillus coli communis. It must be remembered, however, that both Dr. A. C. Houston and Dr. J. W. H. Eyre have demonstrated bacillus coli communis in the faecal matter of sea birds and fish. The medium devised by Conradi and Drigalski was used throughout these experiments for the culture and isolation of the typhoid and colon bacilli and a final section of the report deals with certain organisms of sewage and fsecal matter which give rise to colonies which might possibly be mistaken for bacillus typhosus. Several photographic rapresentations of the appearance of Drigalski plates made with typhoid material are appended to the report. LIBRARY TABLE. Essentials of Diseases of the Ear Arranged in the form of Questions and Answers,. ppevared especiallyfor Students of Medicine and Post-Grad1late St1ldents. By E. B. GLEASON, S.B., M.D., Clinical Professor of Otology, Medico-Chirurgical College, Philadelphia ; Surgeon in Charge of the Nose and Ear Department of the Northern Dispensary, Philadelphia ; one of the Laryngologists to the Philadelphia Hospital. Third edition, thoroughly revised. London: Henry Kimpton. 1905. Pp. 214. Price 4s.-Dr. Gleason's small handbook shows, by arriving at the third edition in the course of ten years, that it must have supplied a certain want. The first 35 pages contain a brief summary of the anatomy and physiology necessary particularly in aural surgery, the information being imparted in the form of a catechism. Tests for hearing are next considered. In regard to these we may notice that the author falls into the error of saying that Gelle's test will produce dizziness in cases of labyrinthine disease. The various diseases of the ear are briefly touched upon by means also of questions and answers, but we do not commend the discussion of all non-suppurative middle-ear diseases under one heading, a method of dealing with the subject that is bound to lead to confusion. A Manual of Clinical Chemistry, Mierosoolvy, and Bacteriology. By Dr. M. KLOPSTOCK and Dr. A. KowARSKY. Translated by THEW WRIGHT, M.D. London and New York: Rebman, Limited. 1905. Pp. 296 and 12 plates. Price 8s. net.-This manual represents the course given by its authors in their " Institute for Medical Diagnosis " in Berlin and aims at giving the essential features of the subjects treated; it is specially designed for the busy practitioner and to this end, wherever it has been possible, the simplest and the quickest methods have been chosen. The scope of the work is wide : bacteriological examination of the secretions, and so on, of the mouth, nose, conjunctiva, and skin ; histological and chemical examination of the sputum, gastric contents, faeces, urine, urethral and prostatic secretions, blood, and fluids obtained by puncture ; and a final chapter on formulse of stains and culture media completes the list. In the text are over 60 illustrations, some of which are taken from von Jaksch, while the 12 plates are devoted to specific bacterial cultures, urinary deposits, and blood. The work is thoroughly practical throughout, but still the bearings of organisms in relation to disease and the significance of the results obtained are not omitted. It is just such a work as the practitioner who carries out his own chemical and bacteriological investigation requires. The methods are put directly and as described are easily understood. In some respects the methods given are more full than is usually the case in such works ; notably so is this the case in the chapter (VI.) on fseces. The work seems one that will prove useful to the busy practitioner. Colonel Drake-Brockman adduces six cases in which there was reason to believe that the electric light was injurious, being apparently the cause of irritation, congestion, and inflammation of the conjunctiva. The avoidance of the use of the electric light was in each instance followed by recovery. The clinical memoranda contain an account of a case of Paralytic Strabismus from Fracture of the Sphenoid Bone, by 9.
doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(01)69629-6 fatcat:rodm7e2u3remveo434wm6udygq