Air-hydrate crystals in deep ice-core samples from Vostok Station, Antarctica

T. Uchida, T. Hondoh, S. Mae, V.YA. Lipenkov, P. Duval
1994 Journal of Glaciology  
Microscopic observation of air-hydrate crystals was carried out using 34 deep ice-core samples retrieved at Vostok Station, Antarctica. Samples were obtained from depths between 1050 and 2542 m, which correspond to Wisconsin/Sangamon/Illinoian ice. It was found that the volume and number of air-hydrate varied with the climatic changes. The volume concentration of air-hydrate in the interglacial ice was about 30% larger than that in the glacial ice. In the interglacial ice, the number
more » ... e number concentration of air-hydrate was about a half and the mean volume of air-hydrate was nearly three times larger than that in the glacial-age ice. The air-hydrate crystals were found to grow in the ice sheet, about 6.7 × 10−12 cm3 year-1, in compensation for the disappearance of smaller ones. The volume concentration of air-hydrate was related to the total gas content by a geometrical equation with a proportional parameter α. The mean value of α below 1250 m, where no air bubbles were found, was about 0.79. This coincided with an experimentally determined value of the crystalline site occupancy of the air-hydrate in a 1500 m core obtained at Dye 3, Greenland (Hondoh and others, 1990). In the depth profile of calculated α for many samples, α in the interglacial ice was about 30% smaller than that in the glacial-age ice.
doi:10.3189/s0022143000003828 fatcat:bnml2tumovdwpbz3y2zukzkiim