Radiation Therapy Planning of Thoracic Tumors: A Review of Challenges Associated With Lung Toxicities and Potential Perspectives of Gallium-68 Lung PET/CT Imaging

François Lucia, Martin Rehn, Frédérique Blanc-Béguin, Pierre-Yves Le Roux
<span title="2021-08-27">2021</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/se64p4xncnbs3jdg77snt2rjpa" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Medicine</a> </i> &nbsp;
Despite the introduction of new radiotherapy techniques, such as intensity modulated radiation therapy or stereotactic body radiation therapy, radiation induced lung injury remains a significant treatment related adverse event of thoracic radiation therapy. Functional lung avoidance radiation therapy is an emerging concept in the treatment of lung disease to better preserve lung function and to reduce pulmonary toxicity. While conventional ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) lung scintigraphy is
more &raquo; ... by a relatively low spatial and temporal resolution, the recent advent of 68Gallium V/Q lung PET/CT imaging offers a potential to increase the accuracy of lung functional mapping and to better tailor lung radiation therapy plans to the individual's lung function. Lung PET/CT imaging may also improve our understanding of radiation induced lung injury compared to the current anatomical based dose–volume constraints. In this review, recent advances in radiation therapy for the management of primary and secondary lung tumors and in V/Q PET/CT imaging for the assessment of functional lung volumes are reviewed. The new opportunities and challenges arising from the integration of V/Q PET/CT imaging in radiation therapy planning are also discussed.
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