Screening for tuberculosis in family and household contacts in a rural area in Ethiopia over a 20-month period

Jose Manuel Ramos, Dejere Biru, Abraham Tesfamariam, Francisco Reyes, Miguel Górgolas
2013 International Journal of Mycobacteriology  
During the study period, 122 patients were included in the TB-CSL; however, 17 (13.9%) patients with TB were written in the TB-CSL, but without registering any contacts. Of the 105 TB patients with contacts registered, the family and household contacts were finally performed in 68 index TB patients (55.7% of TB patients). These 68 index TB cases had 299 family and household contacts; the median contact per patient was 4.4 (±1.9). Of the 299 contacts, 160 (53.5%) were screened. The median of
more » ... . The median of those screened per patient was 2.3 (±1.9). Of the 160 family and household contacts screened, 34 (31.3%) of them were children 65 years of age. TB was diagnosed after screening in 16 (10.1%) contacts. Isoniazid preventive therapy was prescribed in 22 of 34 (64%) children <5 years of age. Alternative methods should be implemented in rural areas to improve TB screening contacts, especially in children under 5 years of age. (J.M. Ramos). I n t e r n a t i o n a l J o u r n a l o f M y c o b a c t e r i o l o g y 2 ( 2 0 1 3 ) 2 4 0 -2 4 3 Av ai la bl e at w w w . s c i e n c e di r e c t .c om ScienceDirect j o u r n a l h o m e p a g e : w w w . e l s e v i e r . c o m / l o c a t e / I J M Y C O
doi:10.1016/j.ijmyco.2013.10.001 pmid:26786130 fatcat:nkx6shnnyrbvrphkim2gkm76yu