The Role of the Integrated Development Post in Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factor Screening in Samosir, North Sumatera

Afrina Ferawati Sitohang, Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Adik Wibowo, Department Health Administration and Policy, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia
2019 Promoting Population Mental Health and Well-Being   unpublished
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) make the largest contribution to mortality in the majority of developing countries and require concerted, coordinated action. According to the WHO, without intervention, deaths from NCD are predicted to increase by 15% between 2010 and 2020. Screening people for serious diseases is receiving increasing attention as studies demonstrate the potential benefits of early detection and early intervention in preventing morbidity and mortality. Screening tests are
more » ... ble for some of the most important NCDs, including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and several cancers. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of the integrated development post of non-communicable diseases (IDP of NCD) in the screening of non-communicable disease risk factors in Samosir, North Sumatera. Subjects and Method: This was an explorative qualitative study conducted at integrated development post in Simbolon Purba, Samosir District, North Sumatera. A sample of key informants was selected including: head of non-communicable disease department in Samosir District, head of public health center, coordinator of integrated development post, cadre of integrated development post and targeted society. The data were collected by in depth-interview, focus group discussion, and observation, with triangulation technique. The data were described accordingly. Results: The role of IDP of NCD has been reviewed from three aspects: input, process, and output. There was a lack of tools, devices, instruments, equipment, personnel, and training for community health workers and professional health workers. There was a lack of community awareness and reliable fund. The implementation of risk factor screening did not fully follow the NCD guidelines. The market coverage was very low (3%), while the reporting recording system was not comprehensive. Conclusion: The role of IDP of NCD in NCD risk factor screening was still weak and so has to be improved.
doi:10.26911/theicph.2019.04.15 fatcat:h2etlw2zbfeqjnnrfg6rnxhvv4