A transcription factor glial cell missing (Gcm) in the freshwater crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus

Kingkamon Junkunlo, Kenneth Söderhäll, Irene Söderhäll
2020 Developmental and Comparative Immunology  
The transcription factor glial cell missing, Gcm, is known to be an important protein in the determination of glial cell fate as well as embryonic plasmatocyte differentiation in Drosophila melanogaster. So far, no function for Gcm in crustaceans has been reported. In this study, we show the cDNA sequence of a Gcm homologue in the freshwater crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus. The P. leniusculus Gcm transcript is expressed exclusively in brain and nervous tissue, and by in situ hybridization we
more » ... how that the expression is restricted to a small number of large cells with morphology similar to neurosecretory cells. Furthermore, we show that the expression of Gcm coincides with the expression of a Repo homologue, that is induced in expression by Gcm in Drosophila. Moreover, the Gcm transcript is increased shortly and transiently after injection of cystamine, a substance that inhibits transglutaminase and also strongly affects the movement behavior of crayfish. This finding of Gcm transcripts in a subpopulation of brain cells in very low numbers may enable more detailed studies about Gcm in adult crustaceans.
doi:10.1016/j.dci.2020.103782 pmid:32679114 fatcat:jkt6n5pbwjbatovp65kln6fw4u