Single Shot Diffractive Imaging with Randomized Illumination [article]

Abraham L. Levitan, Kahraman Keskinbora, Umut T. Sanli, Markus Weigand, Riccardo Comin
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We introduce a single-frame diffractive imaging method called Randomized Probe Imaging (RPI). In RPI, a sample is illuminated by a structured probe field containing speckles smaller than the sample's typical feature size. Quantitative amplitude and phase images are then reconstructed from the resulting far-field diffraction pattern. The experimental geometry of RPI is straightforward to implement, requires no near-field optics, and is applicable to extended samples. When the resulting data are
more » ... nalyzed with a complimentary algorithm, reliable reconstructions which are robust to missing data are achieved. To realize these benefits, a resolution limit associated with the numerical aperture of the probe-forming optics is imposed. RPI therefore offers an attractive modality for quantitative X-ray phase imaging when temporal resolution and reliability are critical but spatial resolution in the tens of nanometers is sufficient. We discuss the method, introduce a reconstruction algorithm, and present two proof-of-concept experiments: one using visible light, and one using soft X-rays.
arXiv:2010.02948v1 fatcat:stb432xexjdzvppsc4gnkqfpou