Accuracy of Discrete-Velocity BGK Models for the Simulation of the Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations [article]

Marc B. Reider, James D. Sterling (Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory)
1993 arXiv   pre-print
Two discretizations of a 9-velocity Boltzmann equation with a BGK collision operator are studied. A Chapman-Enskog expansion of the PDE system predicts that the macroscopic behavior corresponds to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations with additional terms of order Mach number squared. We introduce a fourth-order scheme and compare results with those of the commonly used lattice Boltzmann discretization and with finite-difference schemes applied to the incompressible Navier-Stokes
more » ... in primitive-variable form. We numerically demonstrate convergence of the BGK schemes to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations and quantify the errors associated with compressibility and discretization effects. When compressibility error is smaller than discretization error, convergence in both grid spacing and time step is shown to be second-order for the LB method and is confirmed to be fourth-order for the fourth-order BGK solver. However, when the compressibility error is simultaneously reduced as the grid is refined, the LB method behaves as a first-order scheme in time.
arXiv:comp-gas/9307003v1 fatcat:qjbldykma5avvnqnffgdbxd2mi