Blending of Sunflower Oil with Pomegranate Seed Oil from Blanched Seeds: Impact on Functionality, Oxidative Stability, and Antioxidant Properties

Tafadzwa Kaseke, Umezuruike Linus Opara, Olaniyi Amos Fawole
2021 Processes  
Seed oil blending is a novel approach that may enhance the oil antioxidant capacity. The study evaluated the effect of blending sunflower oil (SO) with pomegranate seed oil (BPSO) from blanched seeds (95 °C/ 3 min) on oxidative stability and antioxidant properties of the oil blends. SO and pomegranate seed oil from unblanched seeds (PSO) were used as controls. Blending SO with BPSO and PSO was assessed in the following respective proportions: 90:10, 85:15, and 80:20 (w/w) with respect to total
more » ... h respect to total phenolic content, total carotenoids content, tocopherols content, and fatty acid composition to establish the best blending ratio. An accelerated storage test was conducted using the best blending ratio (85:15) at 60 ± 2 °C for 20 days. The evolution of peroxide value, ρ-anisidine value and, total oxidation value, together with the depletion of the oils' 2.2-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) and 2.2-diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) and radicals scavenging capacity were evaluated. Volatile oxidation compounds (VOCs) were assessed at the end of the accelerated storage test. Blended oils exhibited better oxidative stability than SO. Nevertheless, the oxidative stability of SO:PSO and SO:BPSO blends did not significantly vary. Additionally, blended oils showed a lower rate of DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging capacity depletion than SO, although this did not significantly vary between the oil blends. The concentration of VOCs was significantly higher in SO than blended oils. No significant difference in the content of VOCs was observed between SO:PSO and SO:BPSO blends. The findings of this study are valuable to the food industry, which is presently interested in nonconventional oils and functional foods to improve health and human nutrition.
doi:10.3390/pr9040635 fatcat:cpoqku54ajdcvo3a23sdl7zfi4