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EU Studies in Japan
Party political forces in the form of the European Political Groups (EPGs) and the Europarties populate the parliamentary and extra-parliamentary landscape at the EU-level. In so doing, they remind us that the European Parliament (EP) is both a legislative and representative body that needs to be renewed every five years. In its legislative guise, where no one political group commands a majority, some form of crossparty solidarity between the political mainstream has always been essential. Atdoi:10.5135/eusj.2015.77 fatcat:een3r7sq7rfotlm7jzwyvlkwba