Factors associated with re-initiation of antidepressant treatment following discontinuation during pregnancy: a register-based cohort study

Anna Wikman, Alkistis Skalkidou, Anna-Karin Wikström, Erik Lampa, Michael S. Kramer, Eu-Leong Yong, Charlotte Skoglund, Neill Epperson, Inger Sundström-Poromaa
2020 Archives of Women's Mental Health  
Antidepressant treatment when facing a pregnancy is an important issue for many women and their physicians. We hypothesized that women with a greater burden of pre-pregnancy psychiatric illness would be more likely to re-initiate antidepressants following discontinuation of treatment during pregnancy. A register-based cohort study was carried out including 38,595 women who gave birth between the 1st of January 2007 and the 31st of December 2014, who had filled a prescription for an
more » ... for an antidepressant medication in the year prior to conception. Logistic regressions were used to explore associations between maternal characteristics and antidepressant treatment discontinuation or re-initiation during pregnancy. Most women discontinued antidepressant treatment during pregnancy (n = 29,095, 75.4%), of whom nearly 12% (n = 3434, 11.8%) re-initiated treatment during pregnancy. In adjusted analyses, parous women (aOR 1.22, 95% CI 1.12-1.33), with high educational level (aOR 1.21, 95% CI 1.08-1.36); born within the EU (excluding Nordic countries, aOR 1.41, 95% CI 1.03-1.92) or a Nordic country (aOR 1.42, 95% CI 1.22-1.65); who more often reported prior hospitalizations due to psychiatric disorders (aOR 1.50, 95% CI 1.10-2.03, for three or more episodes); and had longer duration of pre-pregnancy antidepressant use (aOR 6.10, 95% CI 5.48-6.77, for >2 years antidepressant use), were more likely to re-initiate antidepressants than were women who remained off treatment. Women with a greater burden of pre-pregnancy psychiatric illness were more likely to re-initiate antidepressants. Thus, pre-pregnancy psychiatric history may be particularly important for weighing the risks and benefits of discontinuing antidepressants during pregnancy.
doi:10.1007/s00737-020-01050-y pmid:32632522 fatcat:kf2432aqsbgdfhwgutvuy62fqy