Pomegranate: Nutraceutical with Promising Benefits on Human Health

Anna Caruso, Alexia Barbarossa, Antonio Tassone, Jessica Ceramella, Alessia Carocci, Alessia Catalano, Giovanna Basile, Alessia Fazio, Domenico Iacopetta, Carlo Franchini, Maria Stefania Sinicropi
2020 Applied Sciences  
Pomegranate is an old plant made up by flowers, roots, fruits and leaves, native to Central Asia and principally cultivated in the Mediterranean and California (although now widespread almost all over the globe). The current use of this precious plant regards not only the exteriority of the fruit (employed also for ornamental purpose) but especially the nutritional and, still potential, health benefits that come out from the various parts composing this one (carpellary membranes, arils, seeds
more » ... d bark). Indeed, the phytochemical composition of the fruit abounds in compounds (flavonoids, ellagitannins, proanthocyanidins, mineral salts, vitamins, lipids, organic acids) presenting a significant biological and nutraceutical value. For these reasons, pomegranate interest is increased over the years as the object of study for many research groups, particularly in the pharmaceutical sector. Specifically, in-depth studies of its biological and functional properties and the research of new formulations could be applied to a wide spectrum of diseases including neoplastic, cardiovascular, viral, inflammatory, metabolic, microbial, intestinal, reproductive and skin diseases. In this review, considering the increasing scientific and commercial interest of nutraceuticals, we reported an update of the investigations concerning the health-promoting properties of pomegranate and its bioactive compounds against principal human pathologies.
doi:10.3390/app10196915 fatcat:gckj7kfdxvd5hkf5skoloyvguy