Yield of green fodder of annual mixtures with participation of sudanese grass in conditions of Polisya
Feeds and Feed Production
Purpose. To study the features of the formation, growth, yield and nutritional value of mixtures involving Sudanese grass in the production of green fodder with different component composition and fertilization system. Methods. Field, laboratory, mathematical. Results. According to the results of the studies, it was found that the dominant component of cenoses, the Sudanese grass, forms the height of plants at the level of 87-151 cm, the components of the mixtures – 48,4-95,9 cm. The
... cm. The fertilization system contributed to the linear development of cenosis plants by 9-39% in Sudanese grass and 6-62% in the components of mixtures, compared with the control options. The results of the studies of the cenosis productivity with participation of Sudanese grass, which on the sod-podzolic soils of Polisya amounted to 16,2-44,8 t/ha of greenery, or 3,3-9,1 t/ha of dry weight, the efficiency of the fertilization system was up to 38%. The yield of nutrients was 2.54-7.64 t/ha of feed units and 0.47-1.41 t/ha of digestible protein, the fertilizer system increased the yield of nutrients by 6-72%. The feed unit is provided with digestible protein at the level of 168.7-200.6 g. It was found that the content of exchangeable energy in 1 kg of feed obtained from mixtures is 9.6-10.4 mJ. According to the competitiveness coefficient (K = 1.47-2.74), the optimal fertilization system for these cenoses was selected – N16Р16К16. Conclusions. In terms of productivity (16.2-44.8 t/ha of green, or 3.3-9.1 t/ha of dry, weight) and nutrition (168.7-200.6 g feed unit digestible protein availability, metabolic energy content – 9,6-10,4 mJ per 1 kg of feed), multicomponent cenoses with the participation of Sudanese grass for the production of green feed in the Polisya zone have been developed.