Programming challenges and impediments to reform: identifying pragmatic solutions

Thomas-Durell Young
2018 Defense and Security Analysis  
Using two recently published essays by the current writer that assesses the dismal record of performance of Planning, Programming, and Budgeting System in enabling communist legacy defence institutions in Central and Eastern Europe to develop viable defence plans, this essay argues the need for deep reforms in the region's defence institutions. To guide this reform effort, pragmatic solutions are suggested to improve the ability of these organisations to produce viable defence plans.
more » ... e plans. Recommended reforms are: (1) conduct conceptual and cultural "audits," (2) make operational and financial data central to decisionmaking, (3) change current organisational sociology, (4) examine planning methods and practices, and (5) stress the need to adopt policy frameworks to drive the operation of defence institutions.
doi:10.1080/14751798.2018.1421404 fatcat:aoewf2zt45b65h6uptpyoelnoi