Experimental Identification of Nonpointlike Dark-Matter Candidates

Graciela Gelmini, Alexander Kusenko, Shmuel Nussinov
2002 Physical Review Letters  
We show that direct dark matter detection experiments can distinguish between pointlike and non-pointlike dark-matter candidates. The shape of the nuclear recoil energy spectrum from pointlike dark-matter particles, e.g., neutralinos, is determined by the velocity distribution of dark matter in the galactic halo and by nuclear form factors. In contrast, typical cross sections of non-pointlike dark matter, for example, Q-balls, have a new form factor, which decreases rapidly with the recoil
more » ... ith the recoil energy. Therefore, a signal from non-pointlike dark matter is expected to peak near the experimental threshold and to fall off rapidly at higher energies. Although the width of the signal is practically independent of the dark matter velocity dispersion, its height is expected to exhibit an annual modulation due to the changes in the dark matter flux.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.89.101302 pmid:12225181 fatcat:2i3a5wmcijbo5ggzglu75ajmtm