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Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics of Inhomogeneous Fluids
Journal of Chemical Physics
The excess thermodynamic and molecular properties induced in a classical single-component fluid by static external force fields are examined from several points of view. By utilizing the techniques of cluster theory, a local "pressure," p (r), is constructed whose spatial integral yields directly and precisely the logarithm of the grand partition function, including the result of interaction with container vessel walls as well as other external fields (present, for example, in gravitational ordoi:10.1063/1.1732927 fatcat:qeya2jowazhklkq2w4wyuybjtm