Acid-free activation process of Vyatka – Kama phosphate in the presence of nitrogen-and potassium-containing salts
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus Chemical Series
The work describes the production of complex fertilizers of prolonged effect on the basis of acid-free processing of phosphate rock of the Vyatka-Kama Deposit. The authors investigated the influence of chemical composition of salts and mass ratio between salt and phosphate components on the degree of activation of the phosphorite flour of the Vyatka-Kama Deposit (VKPF) during its treatment with solutions and suspensions of nitrogen-containing mineral salts and potassium chloride. It has been
... ide. It has been determined that the content of available form of P2O5 in phosphorite increases by 1.5-2 times, and the greatest activating effect is provided by ammonium salts. The use of preliminary mechanical activation of VKPF, in the method investigated, provides the increase in the content of available form of P2O5 by 11–13 %. The mechanism of interaction of the main minerals of phosphorite with salt additives (ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate, ammonium chloride, carbamide, potassium chloride) is proposed. The dynamics of changes in the content of ammonium nitrogen in fertilizer compositions at each stage of the process has been determined. The method for producing complex fertilizers based on phosphorite flour of the Vyatka-Kama Deposit has been developed and patented.