The Evaluation of Polysomnography in Patients with Nocturnal Bruxism Referring to Mashhad Faculty of Dentistry

A madani, E Abdollahian, H Asadpour, H Azangoo Khiavi, Alami
2015 Majallah-i Dānishgāh-i ̒Ulūm-i Pizishkī-i Bābul  
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Nocturnal bruxism is considered as a major cause of temporomandibular disorders. Although nocturnal bruxism is normally diagnosed clinically, polysomnography is also a gold standard diagnostic test for this disorder. This study aimed to evaluate the physiological events in patients with nocturnal bruxism through polysomnography analysis. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted on 20 patients who were diagnosed with nocturnal bruxism based on the sleep disorders
more » ... the sleep disorders questionnaires of the International Committee of Sleep Disorders (ICSD) and physical examinations. The sleep patterns and bruxism of these patients were also evaluated via polysomnography. FINDINGS: In this study, 15-25% of the patients diagnosed with nocturnal bruxism reported various problems related to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement. In addition, 85% of the patients complained of facial pain and tenderness, and the most frequent symptoms during the examinations were TMJ clicking, joint noises and limited mouth opening. CONCLUSION: According to the results of this study, the quality and quantity of sleep in bruxism patients are at a lower level compared to healthy individuals
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