Quantum circuit for the proof of the security of quantum key distribution without encryption of error syndrome and noisy processing

Kiyoshi Tamaki, Go Kato
2010 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
One of the simplest security proofs of quantum key distribution is based on the so-called complementarity scenario, which involves the complementarity control of an actual protocol and a virtual protocol [M. Koashi, e-print arXiv:0704.3661 (2007)]. The existing virtual protocol has a limitation in classical postprocessing, i.e., the syndrome for the error-correction step has to be encrypted. In this paper, we remove this limitation by constructing a quantum circuit for the virtual protocol.
more » ... over, our circuit with a shield system gives an intuitive proof of why adding noise to the sifted key increases the bit error rate threshold in the general case in which one of the parties does not possess a qubit. Thus, our circuit bridges the simple proof and the use of wider classes of classical postprocessing.
doi:10.1103/physreva.81.022316 fatcat:qfbmhcx3jvgfpb4zjsi5i35ikm