Evaluation of the Vegetation and Proposal of Species for Rehabilitation of the Area Patrimonial "Necropolis Cristóbal Colón" in Havana, Cuba

Marta Marina Jiménez Águila, Digna Velázquez Viera, Lourdes Sordo Olivera
2016 Universal Journal of Plant Science  
In 1987 the "Necropolis Christopher Columbus" National Monument was declared assisting to the exceptional character of its historical and artistic values. Located in roadway of Zapata and street 12 in the municipality Plaza, Havana, occupies 56 ha with 222 square, 24, 5 Km of streets and avenues and 35000m² of green areas. From 1990, authorities, historians, restorers and forest investigators take charge of veil, to study and to disclose their patrimonial values to maintain and to conserve the
more » ... rchitectural beauty of monuments, gardeners and the tree-lined of the cemetery, harmonizing the specific functions of the place. The objective of the work is to evaluate the existent vegetation and to propose species to rehabilitate the patrimonial area for the duty of preserving the memory cultural citizen. The inventory, diagnosis and evaluation of the arboreal vegetation and shrubs of studied area allowed recommending species to rehabilitate the green spaces in the main artery and the sections NE, NW, SE, SW, without affecting the monuments, streets, and sidewalks. The results show up in charts, pictures, designs, outlines and arboreal cover of 2142 physical (trees and bushes) individuals was observed; prevailing the species Ficus sp.; Calophyllum antillanum Britt; Roystonea regia H.B.K. OF. Cook; Juniperus lucayana Britt. It was indicated as managing of theses spaces, particularly and generally way concluded with suggestions will contribute to elevate the cultural level and actors' management and technicians in the integral classification of the place and to enlarge the interrelation among historical institutions -cultural and environmentalists for the rehabilitation and conservation of the urban specialized landscape.
doi:10.13189/ujps.2016.040102 fatcat:bkvg2zzpibcohnangyiy2c4omu