Fractionalization, Topological Order, and Quasiparticle Statistics

Masaki Oshikawa, T. Senthil
2006 Physical Review Letters  
We argue, based on general principles, that topological order is essential to realize fractionalization in gapped insulating phases in dimensions d ≥ 2. In d=2 with genus g, we derive the existence of the minimum topological degeneracy q^g if the charge is fractionalized in unit of 1/q, irrespective of microscopic model or of effective theory. Furthermore, if the quasiparticle is either boson or fermion, it must be at least q^2g.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.96.060601 pmid:16605977 fatcat:wivtpa5aujbhdgcxjf2tstmbcq