Drying characteristics of paddy in an integrated dryer

M. R. Manikantan, P. Barnwal, R. K. Goyal
2014 Journal of food science and technology  
Drying characteristics of paddy (long grain variety PR-118 procured from PAU, Ludhiana) in an integrated dryer using single as well as combined heating source was studied at different air temperatures. The integrated dryer comprises three different air heating sources such as solar, biomass and electrical. Drying of paddy occurred in falling rate period. It was observed that duration of drying of paddy from 22 to 13 % moisture content (w.b.) was 5-9 h depending upon the source of energy used.
more » ... order to select a suitable drying curve, six thin layer-drying models (Newton, Page, Modified Page, Henderson and Pabis, Logarithmic and Wang and Singh) were fitted to the experimental moisture ratio data. Among the mathematical models investigated, Wang and Singh model best described the drying behaviour of paddy using solar, biomass and combined heating sources with highest coefficient of determination (r 2 ) values and least chi-square, χ 2 , mean bias error (MBE) and root mean square error (RMSE) values. However, Page model adequately described the drying behavior of paddy using electrical heating source.
doi:10.1007/s13197-013-1250-1 pmid:24741181 pmcid:PMC3982010 fatcat:vl3ib2zrtnbuvg3mqwicslzx3q