Carboxymethyl cellulose from rice stubble waste

Pattrathip Rodsamran, Rungsinee Sothornvit
Rice stubble is an agricultural waste with 30.67% yield of cellulose (90.05% α-cellulose content) to be synthesized as carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC). Hemicellulose and lignin were first removed and later rice stubble cellulose was swollen in 30% NaOH and isopropanol as a solvent. Synthesis conditions such as chloroacetic acid content (5-7 g in 5 g of alkali cellulose), reaction temperature (50 and 70 C) and time (180, 270 and 360 min) were investigated to obtain CMC from rice stubble (CMCr).
more » ... e 7 g of chloroacetic acid at 50C for 180 min provided the best quality of CMCr based on 5 g of rice stubble cellulose with degree of substitution, viscosity and purity of 0.64, 36.03 cP and 90.18%, respectively. The presence of carboxymethyl substituents was verified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. CMCr showed commercially low viscosity material and possibly used as a film forming packaging material for food and pharmaceutical products.
doi:10.14456/sjst-psu.2020.59 fatcat:sldfsvyo4rfhdcd7xety7ladsu