In vivo assessment of anisotropy of apparent magnetic susceptibility in white matter from a single orientation acquisition

Renat Sibgatulin, Daniel Güllmar, Andreas Deistung, Stefan Ropele, Jürgen R. Reichenbach
2021 NeuroImage  
Multiple studies have reported a significant dependence of the effective transverse relaxation rate constant (R2*) and the phase of gradient-echo based (GRE) signal on the orientation of white matter fibres in the human brain. It has also been hypothesized that magnetic susceptibility, as obtained by single-orientation quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM), exhibits such a dependence. In this study, we investigated this hypothesized relationship in a cohort of healthy volunteers. We show
more » ... t R2* follows the predicted orientation dependence consistently across white matter regions, whereas the apparent magnetic susceptibility is related differently to fibre orientation across the brain and often in a complex non-monotonic manner. In addition, we explored the effect of fractional anisotropy measured by diffusion-weighted MRI on the strength of the orientation dependence and observed only a limited influence in many regions. However, with careful consideration of such an impact and the limitations imposed by the ill-posed nature of the dipole inversion process, it is possible to study magnetic susceptibility anisotropy in specific brain regions with a single orientation acquisition.
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2021.118442 pmid:34339831 fatcat:efc3cqyq35bp5ebqxeci5z6vey