STRUCTURE AND SPECTROSCOPY OF DOPED HELIUM CLUSTERS USING QUANTUM MONTE CARLO TECHNIQUES
International Journal of Modern Physics B
We present a comparative study of the rotational characteristics of various molecule-doped 4He clusters using quantum Monte Carlo techniques. The theoretical conclusions obtained from both zero and finite temperature Monte Carlo studies confirm the presence of two different dynamical regimes that correlate with the magnitude of the rotational constant of the molecule, i.e., fast or slow rotors. For a slow rotor, the effective rotational constant for the molecule inside the helium droplet can be
... lium droplet can be determined by a microscopic two-fluid model in which helium densities computed by path integral Monte Carlo are used as input, as well as by direct computation of excited energy levels. For a faster rotor, the conditions for application of the two-fluid model for dynamical analysis are usually not fulfilled and the direct determination of excitation energies is then mandatory. Quantitative studies for three molecules are summarized, showing in each case excellent agreement with experimental results.