Integrated Control of Peridomestic Larval Habitats ofAedesandCulexMosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Atoll Villages of French Polynesia

Frederic Lardeux, Yves Sechan, Stephane Loncke, Xavier Deparis, Jules Cheffort, Marc Faaruia
2002 Journal of medical entomology  
An integrated larval mosquito control program was carried out in Tiputa village on Rangiroa atoll of French Polynesia. Mosquito abundance before and after treatment was compared with the abundance in an untreated village. Mosquito larval habitats consisted of large concrete or polyurethane cisterns, wells, and 200-liter drums. Depending on the target species, larval habitat category, its conÞguration, and purpose (drinking consumption or not), abatement methods consisted of sealing the larval
more » ... bitats with mosquito gauze, treating them with 1% Temephos, covering the water with a 10-cm thick layer of polystyrene beads or introducing Þsh (Poecillia reticulata Rosen & Bailey). All premises of the chosen village were treated and a health education program explained basic mosquito ecology and the methods of control. A community health agent was trained to continue the control program at the end of the experiment. Entomological indices from human bait collections and larval surveys indicated that mosquito populations were reduced signiÞcantly, compared with concurrent samples from the untreated control village, and that mosquito control remained effective for 6 mo after treatment. Effects of the treatment were noticed by the inhabitants in terms of a reduction in the number of mosquito bites. In the Polynesian context, such control programs may succeed in the long-term only if strong political decisions are taken at the village level, if a community member is designated as being responsible for maintaining the program, and if the inhabitants are motivated sufÞciently by the mosquito nuisance to intervene.
doi:10.1603/0022-2585-39.3.493 pmid:12061446 fatcat:lbatbvdykndl3bkvjwmdyhq2xi