Evaluation of the prescribing practice using WHO core prescribing indicators in Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital, Harar, eastern Ethiopia

Tigist Getachew, Yohannes Tadiwos, Mekonnen Sisay
2016 Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics  
Drugs are an important component of health care and play a crucial role in saving life. Drug use in a health facility is a complex subject involving physician, patient and dispenser and hence is directly affected by prescribing, dispensing and patient use of drugs. The study is, therefore, aimed to evaluate drug prescribing practice using World Health Organization (WHO) prescribing indicators in Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital (HFSUH), Harar, Ethiopia. Method: A retrospective cross
more » ... ctional study was carried out to determine the current prescribing practice in HFSUH outpatient pharmacy department, Harar, from January 20-February 20, 2016. As per the WHO guidelines, 600 prescription papers were selected using systematic random sampling and reviewed with the help of observational checklist. The data were entered and processed with SPSS version 16. Finally, data were evaluated using WHO criteria. Result: The average number of drugs prescribed per encounter was 1.7. The percentage of encounters in which an antibiotic or injection was prescribed was 57.2% (343) and 59% (354), respectively. Besides, the percentage of drugs prescribed by generic name and from an essential drug list (EDL) was found to be 92.1% (954) and 68.94% (708), respectively. Conclusion: On the basis of these findings, the prescribing practices for antibiotic use; injection use; and prescribing from EDL showed a great deviation from the standards recommended by WHO. These two commonly overused and costly forms of drug therapy (antibiotics and injections) need to be regulated closely. In addition, prescribing practice should be limited to EDL of the country.
doi:10.22270/jddt.v6i6.1344 fatcat:bit647aj7zgmtfwrpoatnts2qq