Remembering the past: Mitotic bookmarking in a developing embryo

Maelle Bellec, Ovidiu Radulescu, Mounia Lagha
2018 Current Opinion in Systems Biology  
During development, transcriptional properties of progenitor cells are stably propagated across multiple cellular divisions. Yet, at each division, chromatin faces structural constraints imposed by the important nuclear re-organization operating during mitosis. It is now clear that not all transcriptional regulators are ejected during mitosis, but rather that a subset of transcription factors, chromatin regulators and epigenetic histone marks are able to 'bookmark' specific loci, thereby
more » ... ng a mitotic memory. Here we review mechanisms of mitotic bookmarking and discuss their impact on transcriptional dynamics in the context of multicellular developing embryos. We document recent discoveries and technological advances, and present current mathematical models of short-term transcriptional memory.
doi:10.1016/j.coisb.2018.08.003 pmid:30417158 pmcid:PMC6218673 fatcat:ssmuqcbaonebzdm4fsx4lqf35y