Mental toughness and athletes' use of psychological strategies

Lee Crust, Kayvon Azadi
2010 European Journal of Sport Science  
2 This study tested the relationship between mental toughness and athletes' use of psychological 3 performance strategies. A sample of 67 male (M age = 22.55 years, SD = 4.96) and 40 female 4 athletes (M age = 21.08 years, SD = 2.81) acted as participants, and ranged from club / university 5 to national level in a variety of sports. Participants completed the MTQ48 (Clough et al., 2002) to 6 measure mental toughness, and the Test of Performance Strategies (TOPS; Thomas et al., 1999) 7 to
more » ... , 1999) 7 to measure the use of psychological strategies in practice and competition. Results of Pearson 8 correlations and linear regression analyses revealed that self-talk, emotional control and 9 relaxation strategies were significantly and positively (r = 0.26 to 0.37, P < 0.01) related to 10 mental toughness in both practice and competition. Of the MTQ48 subscales, commitment was 11 found to most frequently load against performance strategies and as such it is possible that the 12 results of this study reflect highly committed performers seeking out performance enhancement 13 strategies. Consistent with theoretical predictions, athletes of county standard and above reported 14 significantly higher levels of mental toughness than club / university athletes (t 105 = -2.25, P = 15 0.03). 16
doi:10.1080/17461390903049972 fatcat:vdi6jg4wsfdv7lfeadcfwdkyhm