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2 This study tested the relationship between mental toughness and athletes' use of psychological 3 performance strategies. A sample of 67 male (M age = 22.55 years, SD = 4.96) and 40 female 4 athletes (M age = 21.08 years, SD = 2.81) acted as participants, and ranged from club / university 5 to national level in a variety of sports. Participants completed the MTQ48 (Clough et al., 2002) to 6 measure mental toughness, and the Test of Performance Strategies (TOPS; Thomas et al., 1999) 7 todoi:10.1080/17461390903049972 fatcat:vdi6jg4wsfdv7lfeadcfwdkyhm