A Structural Hierarchy Matching Approach for Molecular Similarity/Substructure Searching

Shu-Shen Ji, Hong-Ju Dong, Xin-Xin Zhou, Ya-Min Liu, Feng-Xue Zhang, Qi Wang, Xin-An Huang
2015 Molecules  
An approach for molecular similarity/substructure searching based on structural hierarchy matching is proposed. In this approach, small molecules are divided into two categories, acyclic and cyclic forms. The latter are further divided into three structural hierarchies, namely, framework, complicated-, and mono-rings. During searching, the similarity coefficients of a structural query and each retrieved molecule are calculated using the hierarchy of the query as the reference. A total of 13,911
more » ... chemicals were involved in this work, from which the minimal cyclic and acyclic substructures are extracted, and further processed into fuzzy structural fingerprints. Subsequently, the fingerprints are used as the searching indices for molecular similarity or substructure OPEN ACCESS Molecules 2015, 20 8792 searching. The tests show that this approach can give user options to choose between one-substructure and multi-substructure searching with sorted results. Moreover, this algorithm has the potential to be developed for molecular similarity searching and substructure analysis.
doi:10.3390/molecules20058791 pmid:25988610 fatcat:emfirsadorerplbb5v47y2pzq4