The First Case Series of Combined Liver-Kidney Transplantation (CLKT) from Thailand

Abhasnee Sobhonslidsuk, Surasak Leelaudomlipi, Pongphob Intaraprasong
2014 Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System  
From the hospital database, four patients underwent CLKT. Three patients had ESRD and cirrhosis. Causes of cirrhosis were chronic hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis C in two and one patient. The fourth patient underwent CLKT due to subfulminant liver failure and prolonged acute renal failure with severely damaged kidney and required hemodialysis for 5 weeks. The waiting time ranged from 6 to 1988 days. After CLKT, one patient required hemodialysis for 45 days because of prolonged acute tubular
more » ... ged acute tubular necrosis. Mild early liver graft dysfunction occurred in one patient. Induction regimens were IL2-receptor blockers, steroids and tacrolimus in three patients, and steroids combining with tacrolimus in one patient. Maintenance regimens included tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil (with or without low-dose prednisolone). One-year graft and patient survival rate was 100%. Median follow-up time was 2.2 years. None developed liver or renal graft rejection. At 6 and 12 months, median creatinine levels were 1.30 and 1.13 mg/dl. At the last visits, median creatinine level was 1.05 mg/dl with median eGFR of 76.45 ml/min. CLKT may be done in the patients with ESRD and viral hepatitis-related cirrhosis even without portal hypertension. Other indication is for patients with acute liver failure with severely damaged ARF.
doi:10.4172/2161-069x.1000246 fatcat:qcgqrhovnjfghcyqlqlkcvbfau