MLC Seq: De novo sequencing of full-length tRNA isoforms by mass ladder complementation [article]

Xiaohong Yuan, Yue Su, Xudong Zhang, Spencer J. Turkel, Shundi Shi, Xuanting Wang, Eun-Jin Choi, Wenzhe Wu, Haichuan Liu, Rosa Viner, James J. Russo, Wenjia Li (+3 others)
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
tRNAs can exist in distinct isoforms because of different chemical modifications, which confounds attempts to accurately sequence individual tRNA species using next generation sequencing approaches or to quantify different RNA modifications at specific sites on a tRNA strand. Herein, we develop a mass spectrometric (MS) ladder complementation sequencing (MLC-Seq), allowing for direct and simultaneous sequencing of full-length tRNA molecules, including those with low abundance. MLC-seq is
more » ... d by improved instrumentation, and advanced algorithms that identify each tRNA species and related isoforms in an RNA mixture, and assemble full MS ladders from partial ladders with missing ladder components. Using MLC-Seq, we successfully obtained the sequence of tRNA-Phe from yeast and tRNA-Glu from mouse hepatocytes, and simultaneously revealed new tRNA isoforms derived from nucleotide modifications. Importantly, MLC-Seq pinpointed the location and stoichiometry changes of RNA modifications in tRNA-Glu upon the treatment of dealkylated enzyme AlkB, which confirmed its known enzymatic activity and suggested previously unidentified effects in RNA editing.
doi:10.1101/2021.05.22.445286 fatcat:dvj34qpb45f3xpq2fd33rxn7yy