Time at home among nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients treated with non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants: an ARISTOPHANES analysis
S Deitelzweig, A Keshishian, A Kang, A Jenkins, N Atreja, P Schuler, J Jiang, K Lovett, H Yuce, G.Y.H Lip
European Heart Journal
Background Patient-centered outcomes, such as home time, are becoming increasingly important quality-of-life measures. There are limited data on the impact of oral anticoagulants (OACs) on home time among patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Purpose This analysis, based on the previously published ARISTOPHANES study, used five US insurance claims databases (CMS Medicare and four commercial databases) to compare home time among NVAF patients who were prescribed non-vitamin K
... OACs (NOACs). Methods Adult NVAF patients who were newly prescribed apixaban, dabigatran, or rivaroxaban (01JAN2013–30SEP2015) were selected. Time at home was calculated as the number of days from the index date (NOAC prescription) without any of the following: an inpatient, skilled nursing facility (SNF) or nursing facility, hospice, or inpatient rehabilitation facility admission. Time at home and without external AF-related care was defined as days from index date without any events from the home time endpoint or any days with a claim for bleeding, stroke/systemic embolism (S/SE), AF, or an INR test. Time at home and without external AF-related care were measured during the 180 days of follow-up; patients were required to have been alive and have 180 days of follow-up post index. In each database, three 1:1 NOAC-NOAC propensity-score-matched (PSM) cohorts were created before combining the databases. For each NOAC-NOAC matched cohort, Poisson regression was conducted to compare time at home and time at home without external AF-related care. Results After PSM, 37,314 apixaban-dabigatran, 107,236 apixaban-rivaroxaban, and 37,693 rivaroxaban-dabigatran patient pairs were created of which 37–44% had 180 days of follow-up available. Across the NOAC cohorts, approximately 21–25% of patients had an admission to a hospital, SNF, nursing facility, rehabilitation center, or hospice during the 180-day follow-up. The time at home was generally consistent between the NOAC cohorts (177 days); however, apixaban patients had 0.5 more days at home compared to rivaroxaban patients. Across all NOAC cohorts, 7–8% had a claim for a S/SE, 11–15% had a claim for bleeding, and 15–22% had an INR test, while 87–89% of all patients had an AF-claim during the 180-day follow-up. Patients prescribed apixaban had 1 more day at home without external AF-related care compared to dabigatran, and 1.5 more days at home without external AF-related care compared to rivaroxaban. Dabigatran had <1 more day at home without external AF-related care compared to rivaroxaban. Conclusion Among NVAF patients treated with NOACs, there were small differences in the time at home and time at home without external AF-related care during the first 6 months of NOAC treatment. As NVAF is a chronic condition, it is important to understand the impact of NOAC treatment on these patient-centered outcomes. FUNDunding Acknowledgement Type of funding sources: Private company. Main funding source(s): Bristol-Myers Squibb Company and Pfizer Inc.