Reanalysis of the decayKL→π0e+e−

John F. Donoghue, Fabrizio Gabbiani
1995 Physical Review D, Particles and fields  
The decay K_L -> pi0 e+ e- is being searched for as a signal of direct Delta S = 1 CP violation. We provide a thorough updating of the analysis of the three components of the decay: 1) Direct CP violation, 2) CP violation through the mass matrix and 3) CP-conserving (two-photon) contributions. First the chiral calculation of the K_S -> pi0 e+ e- rate, due to Ecker, Pich and de Rafael (EPR), is updated to include recent results on the nonleptonic amplitude. Then we systematically explore the
more » ... lly explore the uncertainties in this method. These appear to be so large that they will obscure the direct CP violation unless it is possible to measure the K_S -> pi0 e+ e- rate. The CP-conserving amplitude remains somewhat uncertain, but present indications are such that there may be a sizable CP-violating asymmetry in the e+, e- energies from the interference of the CP-conserving and CP-violating amplitudes and this may potentially be useful in determining whether direct CP violation is present.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.51.2187 pmid:10018688 fatcat:uk6of7lfjve65hojampj2ndfaq