Deep Learning Applications in Computed Tomography Images for Pulmonary Nodule Detection and Diagnosis: A Review

Rui Li, Chuda Xiao, Yongzhi Huang, Haseeb Hassan, Bingding Huang
2022 Diagnostics  
Lung cancer has one of the highest mortality rates of all cancers and poses a severe threat to people's health. Therefore, diagnosing lung nodules at an early stage is crucial to improving patient survival rates. Numerous computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems have been developed to detect and classify such nodules in their early stages. Currently, CAD systems for pulmonary nodules comprise data acquisition, pre-processing, lung segmentation, nodule detection, false-positive reduction,
more » ... ion, and classification. A number of review articles have considered various components of such systems, but this review focuses on segmentation and classification parts. Specifically, categorizing segmentation parts based on lung nodule type and network architectures, i.e., general neural network and multiview convolution neural network (CNN) architecture. Moreover, this work organizes related literature for classification of parts based on nodule or non-nodule and benign or malignant. The essential CT lung datasets and evaluation metrics used in the detection and diagnosis of lung nodules have been systematically summarized as well. Thus, this review provides a baseline understanding of the topic for interested readers.
doi:10.3390/diagnostics12020298 pmid:35204388 pmcid:PMC8871398 fatcat:zbasqznr5vblnkfmeuzwlmqbom