Morphological and Structural Investigations on Iron Borosilicate Glasses
New Journal of Glass and Ceramics
Borosilicate glasses and glass ceramics in the system 30Na 2 O-2Al 2 O 3 -25SiO 2 -xFe 2 O 3 (43-x)B 2 O 3 (x = 0 -20 mol%) have been prepared and studied by distinguished techniques. X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), electron diffraction pattern (EDP) and SEM experiments are applied to explore the induced structural changes. Nanometer-sized species of polycrystalline structure are formed particularly in low Fe 2 O 3 containing glasses. The size of the
... of the crystallites is found to depend on Fe 2 O 3 concentrations. It is ranged from 10 to 33 nanometers. Structurally, these materials are suggested to contain different components, crystalline component and an interfacial component which situated between the crystallized domains. Presence of these components affects the atomic arrangement without short-or long-range order. An intermediate range ordered structure is dominant in glass ceramics of Fe 2 O 3 < 8 mol%. Less ordered structure is dominated in glasses of higher Fe 2 O 3 concentration, since more disordered structure of lower size is present. These structural changes are found to be connected with the role of Fe 2 O 3 and Na 2 O in glasses. Na 2 O is the strong glass modifier in the studied composition region, while Fe 2 O 3 is consumed also as a modifier in composition of < 8 mol%. Glass forming character of Fe 2 O 3 is mainly dominant in the composition region of higher iron oxide concentration (8 -20 mol%).