Natural History and Prognostic Implications of Left Ventricular End-Diastolic Pressure in Reperfused ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction – An Analysis of the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) II Randomized Controlled Trial [post]

Arshad A Khan, Mohammed S Al-Omary, Nicholas J Collins, John Attia, Andrew Boyle
2021 unpublished
Background The aim of the current study is to assess the natural history and prognostic value of elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after reperfusion with thrombolysis; we utilize data from the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction II study. Methods A total of 3,339 patients were randomized to either an invasive (n = 1,681) or a conservative (n = 1,658) strategy in the TIMI II study following thrombolysis.
more » ... To make the current cohort as relevant as possible to modern pharmaco-invasively managed cohorts, patients in the invasive arm with TIMI flow grade ≥ 2 (N = 1201) at initial catheterization are included in the analysis. Of these, 259 patients had a second catheterization prior to hospital discharge, and these were used to define the natural history of LVEDP in reperfused STEMI. Results The median LVEDP for the whole cohort was 18 mmHg (IQR: 12–23). Patients were divided into quartiles by LVEDP measured during the first cardiac catheterization. During a median follow up of 3 (IQR: 2.1–3.2) years, quartile 4 (highest LVEDP) had the highest incidence of mortality and heart failure admissions. In the cohort with paired catheterization data, the LVEDP dropped slightly from 18 mmHg (1QR: 12–22) to 15 mmHg (IQR: 10–20) [p = 0.01] from the first to the pre-hospital discharge catheterization. Conclusions LVEDP remains largely stable during hospitalisation post-STEMI. Elevated LVEDP is a predictor of death and heart failure hospitalization in STEMI patients undergoing successful thrombolysis.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:5eduvc44zjhpdgge6ajrf4nov4