The Study of Carrying Capacity for Stockbreeding Population in Pastoral Areas in Xilingol League—Taking Two Gacha (Villages) as Examples

音嘎 乌
2017 Geographical Science Research  
The pastoral areas in Inner Mongolia have been influenced by the increasing population these years, causing a decrease in grassland area of per capita. Due to the policies, Grassland Area-Livestock Double Contract and Balancing Livestock with Grassland, the number of livestock is limited by the fixed grassland area, which makes some herdsmen poverty and affects the process of building a well-off society in pastoral areas. Based on the theory of "Man-Land Relationship", the policy of "Assessment
more » ... licy of "Assessment of livestock balance" and "Match the livestock available with the herdsmen demand", the per captia income of a well-off standard, net income of breeding per sheep and the bearing capacity of the livestock-the grassland area needed by breeding per sheep, this paper has first calculated the grassland area needed to per person according to the standard of well-off life, sequentially the largest population accommodated in pastoral areas based on a well-off social level standard, which can be the interpretation of the herdsmen population carrying capacity in pastoral area. Those calculated above are. The calculation results show that: if herdmen in B Gacha of pastoral areas of southern Xilingol league want to achieve a well-off level, there can only be 70 people (namely population carrying capacity of herdsmen in B Gacha is 70 people). At present, the herdsmen population of B gacha is 398, its overload rate is 469%, which means population overload is serious. Through integrating grassland, co-operating, and transferring surplus herdsmen population and taking other measures, it is expected to make herdsmen achieve a well-off living standard. A gacha is located in northern Xilingol lengue, its herdsmen population carrying capacity is 255 people and overloaded rate is 29.4%, and it is almost the same with its actual population of 330, which means the northern grassland almost meet the needs of well-off standards. Developing household ranch and using co-operative management of pasture resources etc. can make grassland in A gacha sustainable. It is hoped that this study will provide scientific basis for "precision poverty alleviation", "according to each household implementation policy" and "comprehensively build a well-off society" in Inner Mongolia pastoral area.
doi:10.12677/gser.2017.62009 fatcat:jlilpwxhtfcqzpaondddipbzei