Powering Mobile Networks with Optimal Green Energy for Sustainable Development

Mohammed H. Alsharif, Mahmoud A. Albreem, Abu Jahid, Kannadasan Raju, Peerapong Uthansakul, Jamel Nebhen, Venkatesan Chandrasekaran, Ayman A. Aly
2021 Computers Materials & Continua  
Green wireless networking is an emerging area for many societies, especially academia and industry, in light of economic and ecological perspectives. Empowering wireless infrastructures exploiting green power sources can enhance sustainability due to the adverse effects of conventional power sources and atmospheric circumstances. Moreover, the specific power supply requirements for a base station (BS), such as cost effectiveness, efficiency, sustainability, and reliability, can be met by
more » ... ng technological advances in renewable energy. Numerous drivers and motivators are involved in the deployment of renewable energy technologies and the transition toward green energy. Renewable energy is free, clean, and abundant in most locations throughout the year. In this work, a sustainable optimal stand-alone solarpowered model envisioning green cellular BSs for urban locations in Oman is proposed. This model can extend 24 h uninterrupted power supply support to a cellular BS that fully utilizes an integrated storage device. The system analysis is conducted using a hybrid optimization model for electric renewables (HOMER) based on actual prevailing conditions of the regions and their technical feasibility. The results showed can be achieved operational expenditure savings up to 16%. These outcomes provide a huge benefit to the cellular operators of Oman economically, technically, and ecologically.
doi:10.32604/cmc.2021.017059 fatcat:m3lxm3gszfaspckymzxbxosimq