A New Data Mining Approach for the Detection of Bacterial Promoters Combining Stochastic and Combinatorial Methods
Journal of Computational Biology
We present a new data mining method based on stochastic analysis (Hidden Markov Model [HMM]) and combinatorial methods for discovering new transcriptional factors in bacterial genome sequences. Sigma factor binding sites (SFBSs) were described as patterns of box1spacer-box2 corresponding to the À35 and À10 DNA motifs of bacterial promoters. We used a high-order HMM in which the hidden process is a second-order HMM chain. Applied on the genome of the model bacterium Streptomyces coelicolor
... es coelicolor A3(2), the a posteriori state probabilities revealed local maxima or peaks whose distribution was enriched in the intergenic sequences ("iPeaks" for intergenic peaks). Short DNA sequences underlying the iPeaks were extracted and clustered by a hierarchical classification algorithm based on the SmithWaterman local similarity. Some selected motif consensuses were used as box1 (À35 motif ) in the search of a potential neighbouring box2 (À10 motif ) using a word enumeration algorithm. This new SFBS mining methodology applied on Streptomyces coelicolor was successful to retrieve already known SFBSs and to suggest new potential transcriptional factor binding sites (TFBSs). The well-defined SigR regulon (oxidative stress response) was also used as a test quorum to compare first-and second-order HMM. Our approach also allowed the preliminary detection of known SFBSs in Bacillus subtilis.