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The complex microstructure of lignocellulosic biomass restricts its conversion into bio-ethanol. In this study, the effects of an ionic liquid (IL) 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([Amim]Cl) pretreatment on the microstructure properties and cellulase hydrolysis efficiency of hybrid Pennisetum (P. americanum × P. purpureum, lignocellulosic biomass) were investigated. After the [Amim]Cl pretreatment, the bonds of lignincarbohydrate complex (LCC) and C=O in xylan were destroyed and thedoi:10.15376/biores.12.1.1031-1040 fatcat:efavjilrirampleg6gin7h2fem