Macrocyclic peptides exhibit antiviral effects against influenza virus HA and prevent pneumonia in animal models

Makoto Saito, Yasushi Itoh, Fumihiko Yasui, Tsubasa Munakata, Daisuke Yamane, Makoto Ozawa, Risa Ito, Takayuki Katoh, Hirohito Ishigaki, Misako Nakayama, Shintaro Shichinohe, Kenzaburo Yamaji (+12 others)
2021 Nature Communications  
AbstractMost anti-influenza drugs currently used, such as oseltamivir and zanamivir, inhibit the enzymatic activity of neuraminidase. However, neuraminidase inhibitor-resistant viruses have already been identified from various influenza virus isolates. Here, we report the development of a class of macrocyclic peptides that bind the influenza viral envelope protein hemagglutinin, named iHA. Of 28 iHAs examined, iHA-24 and iHA-100 have inhibitory effects on the in vitro replication of a wide
more » ... of Group 1 influenza viruses. In particular, iHA-100 bifunctionally inhibits hemagglutinin-mediated adsorption and membrane fusion through binding to the stalk domain of hemagglutinin. Moreover, iHA-100 shows powerful efficacy in inhibiting the growth of highly pathogenic influenza viruses and preventing severe pneumonia at later stages of infection in mouse and non-human primate cynomolgus macaque models. This study shows the potential for developing cyclic peptides that can be produced more efficiently than antibodies and have multiple functions as next-generation, mid-sized biomolecules.
doi:10.1038/s41467-021-22964-w pmid:33976181 fatcat:zcygmltrsvhdlbmdhfzt7gb76i