Robust Contrastive Learning against Noisy Views [article]

Ching-Yao Chuang, R Devon Hjelm, Xin Wang, Vibhav Vineet, Neel Joshi, Antonio Torralba, Stefanie Jegelka, Yale Song
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Contrastive learning relies on an assumption that positive pairs contain related views, e.g., patches of an image or co-occurring multimodal signals of a video, that share certain underlying information about an instance. But what if this assumption is violated? The literature suggests that contrastive learning produces suboptimal representations in the presence of noisy views, e.g., false positive pairs with no apparent shared information. In this work, we propose a new contrastive loss
more » ... n that is robust against noisy views. We provide rigorous theoretical justifications by showing connections to robust symmetric losses for noisy binary classification and by establishing a new contrastive bound for mutual information maximization based on the Wasserstein distance measure. The proposed loss is completely modality-agnostic and a simple drop-in replacement for the InfoNCE loss, which makes it easy to apply to existing contrastive frameworks. We show that our approach provides consistent improvements over the state-of-the-art on image, video, and graph contrastive learning benchmarks that exhibit a variety of real-world noise patterns.
arXiv:2201.04309v1 fatcat:oyrvnmwcfbdndolh4kyyp3rmj4