Evidence-based Reasoning of Pre-Service Teachers: A Script Perspective

Katharina Kiemer, Ingo Kollar
2018 International Conference of the Learning Sciences  
Instead of using psychological knowledge, pre-and in-service teachers often refer to everyday theories when faced with problematic pedagogical situations. This paper investigated to what extent such problems are caused by inadequate evidence-based reasoning scripts that guide pre-service teachers in the way they tackle pedagogical problems. We investigated the scripts of N = 103 beginning and N = 236 advanced students by asking them to analyze fictitious, but realistic problem cases in an
more » ... nswer format. Afterwards, they were asked to describe the cognitive activities they engaged in during problem analysis. Results showed that advanced students more often than beginners reported identifying problems, while beginners more often reported setting goals. Students' attitudes towards research on learning and instruction positively predicted their engagement in these cognitive activities. Thus, it appears that the evidence-based reasoning scripts of both beginning and advanced pre-service teachers might benefit from scaffolding, as well as supportive motivational-affective factors.
dblp:conf/icls/KiemerK18 fatcat:4ks57mq23jhxdp7wt76lz264gy