Functional characterization of the human FSH receptor with an inactivating Ala189Val mutation

A. Rannikko
2002 Molecular human reproduction  
An Ala189Val mutation of the human FSH receptor (FSHR) has been found to cause hypergonadotrophic ovarian failure with arrest of follicular maturation in women, and suppressed spermatogenesis in men. We have now characterized the molecular mechanisms of the receptor inactivation. Wild-type and mutant FSHR cDNAs were expressed in monkey kidney (COS-7) cells and murine granulosa tumour (KK-1) cells. Similar steady-state levels of FSHR mRNA were found in COS-7 and KK-1 cells transfected with both
more » ... nsfected with both types of FSHR cDNA. Conspicuously, immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy studies revealed that whereas the wild-type receptor could be readily detected on the plasma membrane, most of the mutated protein was intracellularly sequestered. Ligand binding studies confirmed the greatly reduced cell surface expression of the mutant FSHR. A low level of mutated receptors were expressed at the cell surface, as shown by ligand binding and cAMP response. The capacity of these receptors to evoke another second messenger response, that of inositol trisphosphate (IP 3 ), was almost totally lost. This finding may be related to the clinical picture of the patients, i.e. blockade of follicular maturation. There is a highly conserved stretch of five amino acids (Ala-Phe-Asn-Gly-Thr) in the region of the mutation in all glycoprotein hormone receptors. We therefore created the same Ala to Val transition in the human LHR and studied its functional consequences. Similar functional alterations, i.e. intracellular sequestration and attenuated signal transduction, were found, as with mutated FSHR. Hence, this particular mutation in the conserved extracellular region of glycoprotein hormone receptors induces a conformational change that suppresses cell membrane targeting of the mutated receptor, probably through altered intracellular folding.
doi:10.1093/molehr/8.4.311 pmid:11912278 fatcat:pqchessfqngrfbzkrjc72nibtq