Persepsi pengguna gigi tiruan lepasan terhadap fungsi estetik dan fonetik di komunitas lansia Gereja International Full Gospel Fellowship Manado

Joshua D.G. Tulandi, Lydia Tendean, Krista V. Siagian
2017 e-GIGI  
Abstract: Elderly is the final step of evolution in human life in which the function of oral cavity starts to degrade and impact life, as well as to reduce the aesthetic and phonetic functions. However, the loss of aesthetic and phonetic functions in the elderly stage can be restored by using dentures. This study was aimed to assess the perception about denture aesthetic and phonetic functions among elderly people at International Full Gospel Fellowship Church in Manado. This was a descriptive
more » ... tudy with a cross sectional design. There were 73 respondents in this study obtained by using total sampling method and consisted of elderly people who used dentures and agreed to fill the questionnaires. Data were analyzed descriptively and presented in tables. The results showed that based on satisfaction of using denture, the perception of the respondents had the highest score of 361 points (good category). Based on the aesthetic function, the perception of the respondents had the score of 330.3 points (good category); and based on the phonetic function, the perception of the respondents had the score of 334 points (good category). Conclusion: The perception of aesthetic and phonetic functions of dentures among the elderly people at International Full Gospel Fellowship Manado belonged to good category.Keywords: elderly, perception, denture, aesthetics, phonetics Abstrak: Lansia (lanjut usia) merupakan tahap akhir perkembangan dalam kehidupan manusi dimana mulai terjadinya penurunan fungsi pada rongga mulut yang berdampak pada kehidupan lansia dan penurunan fungsi estetik dan fonetik. Kehilangan fungsi estetik dan fonetik pada lansia dapat dikembalikan dengan pemasangan gigi tiruan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui persepsi lansia terhadap fungsi estetik dan fonetik gigi tiruan lepasan di komunitas Gereja International Full Gospel Fellowship Manado. Jenis penelitian ialah deskriptif dengan desain potong lintang. Pada penelitian ini digunakan 73 responden yaitu lansia yang memakai gigi tiruan, diperoleh dengan metode total sampling, dan bersedia mengisi kuesioner. Data yang diperoleh diolah secara deskriptif kemudian disajikan berdasarkan distribusi dalam bentuk tabel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan persepsi lansia berdasarkan kepuasan pada penggunaan gigi tiruan memiliki skor tertinggi yaitu 361 termasuk kategori baik, persepsi lansia berdasarkan fungsi estetik memiliki skor sebanyak 330,3 termasuk kategori baik,dan persepsi lansia terhadap fungsi fonetik sebanyak 334 termasuk kategori baik. Simpulan: Persepsi lansia terhadap fungsi estetik dan fonetik gigi tiruan lepasan di komunitas Gereja International Full Gospel Fellowship Manado termasuk kategori baik.Kata kunci: persepsi, lansia, gigi tiruan, estetik, fonetik
doi:10.35790/eg.5.2.2017.17069 fatcat:vojocdlldresnmkmk56dwjj2ha