I. Iakubovych
2020 Vìsnik Kiïvsʹkogo nacìonalʹnogo unìversitetu ìmenì Tarasa Ševčenka. Serìâ Ûridičnì nauki  
The Law of Ukraine "On Grain and the Grain Market in Ukraine" of 4 July 2002 defines grain as the fruits of cereals, legumes and oilseeds used for food, seed, fodder and technical purposes. Peculiarities of grain as a valuable agricultural raw material determine the peculiarities of its storage, which affects the specifics of legal regulation in this area. The article clarifies the characteristics of a grain storage contract, substantiates the list of its essential conditions, examines the
more » ... nature and features of grain storage documents, identifies shortcomings in the legal regulation and execution of grain storage contracts, and substantiates proposals to eliminate them. It is established that the legal nature of the contract of warehouse storage of grain is manifested in the following: it is a contract for the provision of services; it is a public contract; it is a written contract; it is a bilateral contract; as a rule, it is a retaliatory contract; it is a fixed-term contract; it is a real contract; concluded in a special order; it is a contract of accession. The article proves that the essential terms of the grain storage contract are: the subject matter of the contract (grain storage services with preservation of its quality and prevention of losses above natural); the object of the contract (grain of a certain type, class, quantity, which is defined in the contract of grain storage); the term of the contract (with an indication of a certain period of time or without specifying the one that determines the validity of the contract to the first claim of the pledgor). In order to simplify the circulation of grain storage documents and reduce the level of abuse in the grain market, it is proposed to amend Article 961 of the Civil Code of Ukraine, the Law of Ukraine "On Grain and Grain Market in Ukraine" and the Law of Ukraine "On Certified Warehouses and Simple and Double Warehouse Certificates" in order to provide the legal possibility of issuing warehouse certificates in electronic form. Keywords: a double warehouse certificate; grain; grain storage; a grain storage contract; grain storage documents; a simple warehouse certificate; a warehouse receipt.
doi:10.17721/1728-2195/2020/2.113-14 fatcat:3ac3s2hdcbgdbnpc5vq24vwtmi