Exploring location-dependency in process modeling
Business Process Management Journal
Purpose -Context-awareness has emerged as an important principle in the design of flexible business processes. The goal of our research is to develop an approach to extend context-aware business process modeling towards location-awareness. The purpose of this paper is to identify and conceptualize location-dependencies in process modeling. Design/methodology/approach -This paper uses a pattern-based approach to identify location-dependency in process models. We design specifications for these
... tterns. We present illustrative examples and evaluate the identified patterns through a literature review of published process cases. Findings -This paper introduces location-awareness as a new perspective to extend context-awareness in BPM research, by introducing relevant location concepts such as location-awareness and location-dependencies. We identify five basic location-dependent control-flow patterns that can be captured in process models. And we identify location-dependencies in several existing case studies of business processes. Research limitation/implication -We focus exclusively on the control-flow perspective of process models. Further work needs to extend our research to address location-dependencies in process data or resources. Further empirical work is needed to explore determinants and consequences of the modeling of location-dependencies. Originality/value -As existing literature mostly focuses on the broad context of business process, location in process modeling still is treated as 'second class citizen' in theory and in practice. This paper discusses the vital role of location-dependencies within business processes. The proposed five basic location-dependent control-flow patterns are novel and useful to explain location-dependency in business process models. They provide a conceptual basis for further exploration of location-awareness in the management of business processes.